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The Lightning jars became popular because the glass lids prevented food contact with metal, the metal clamps were cheap to produce and the lids themselves were much easier to seal and remove.
The name Lightning suggested that the jars were quick and easy to use.
The Lightning jars were made by a number of glass companies in several states including Lyndeboro Glass, Lindboro, NH; Edward H. Interestingly, Putnam was living in San Diego at the time but it is not known if any California company made his jars glass.
Everett of Newark, OH; Hazel Glass of Washington, PA; JP Smith of Pittsburgh, PA; Moore Brothers in Clayton, NJ; Mannington Glass of Mannington, WV; Wellsburgh Glass and Mfg. The Lightning jars come in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes and can be a collecting specialty in and of themselves.
The value of square shaped jars tends to be higher than round as it seems that fewer square jars were made.
A number of different companies did make the square style jars as the design wasn't exclusive to any one manufacturer.
They are quart sized and have new and what I would say are sloppy looking wires.
They have smooth lips, are dark amber in color and have Putnam 227 on the base. There could be legitimate Lightning jars with Putnam 227 on base, although I've never actually asked anyone if they have one in their collections.
In 1882, Henry William Putnam of Bennington, Vermont, invented a new kind of fruit jar by adopting a bottle stopper patent by Charles de Quillfeldt.
However, there are a few ways to make an educated guess at the date of an antique jar or bottle.
Probably the most important is the presence or absence of a pontil scar.
The familiar term Mason Jar came after its inventor, Mr. Mason, who, at age 26, was a tinsmith in New York City.
He perfected a machine that could cut threads into lids, which ushered in the ability of manufacturing a jar with a reusable, screw-on, lid.