Emotionally invalidating environments
In contrast, validating caregivers acknowledge the child’s emotions, help them to experience, and accept emotions appropriately.
The consequences of invalidating caregivers are such that the child does not learn to label private emotional experiences as valid, normative and trustworthy.
The associations between invalidating childhood environments, emotion dysregulation, and borderline symptomatology have mostly been assessed retrospectively with adult samples.
In an adult community sample, findings revealed that perceptions and/or experiences of parental invalidation during childhood accounted for the largest association with emotion dysregulation .
Counter evidence also exists, however, indicating that parental invalidation is not always related to BPD symptomatology [6,7].
Also, the clinical sample used in the study presented with a restricted upper-bound range of symptoms, thus limiting generalizability.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the need to work upon the family environment for the treatment of BPD symptoms, especially in adolescence before symptoms become consolidated.